The FAA perspective on Visual Line of Sight
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) needs to guarantee individuals’ security (and buildings, vehicles, and so forth) on the ground. That is the reason Visual Line of Sight is so necessary: If the pilot is keeping in touch with the robot, the person can check whether there are things to stay away from.
The FAA’s rules on FPV flight
107.31 Visual line of sight aircraft operation.
(a) One such FAA rule is – With a vision that is independent by any gadget other than corrective lenses, the remote pilot in order, the visual observer, and the individual controlling the flight control of the tiny automated airplane framework should have the option to see the computerized airplane all through the whole trip to:
(1) Know the automated airplane’s area;
(2) Determine the automated airplane’s disposition, height, and course of flight;
(3) Observe the airspace for other air traffic or risks; and
(4) Determine that the automated airplane doesn’t imperil the life or property of another.
(b) Throughout the whole trip of the small automated airplane, the capacity portrayed in the passage (a) of this segment should be practiced by either:
(1) The remote in order and the individual controlling the flight controls of the small automated airplane framework; or
(2) A visual eyewitness.
Having a visual observer to fly FPV legally is a must.
And the job of that visual observer is to focus on the sky, not watching a screen with the FPV feed with FAA rules.
Are there exceptions in FAA rules?
“FPV flight can be legitimately refined by utilizing a visual observer. However, there is another significant part of lawfully flying in FPV mode. The FPV remote pilot should likewise have the “capacity” to see the airplane straightforwardly. So if the FPV distant pilot is wearing FPV goggles outside close to where the drone is flying and utilizing a visual observer, the remote pilot could remove the goggles to see the airplane straightforwardly. That is permitted under the FAA rules. Yet, on the off chance that the FPV remote pilot is in a vehicle or building or something that could impede their capacity to straightforwardly see the robot, regardless of whether utilizing a visual observer, at that point, they might be infringing upon the standard. Remember pretty much the entirety of the other FAA rules, and they apply moreover. The FPV flight activity should stay consistent with the wide range of various pertinent FAA rules, like greatest speed, most extreme height, and airspace contemplations.” said Dr. Joe Cerreta (Ph.D.), assistant professor, College of Aeronautics, UAS Flight Operations with Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.